Amsterdam has excellent international air connections, with Schiphol Airport being the closest airport. Schiphol Airport has its own train station; it takes around 10 minutes to travel by train to Amsterdam Zuid WTC station, from which you can take a tram or the sneltram (express tram) into the Amsterdam city centre or to VU.
It takes around 20 minutes from Schiphol Airport to Amsterdam Centraal Station, from which you can take many trams and metros. Travelling from Schiphol to the city centre by taxi is a more expensive option which may save you some time but will cost more.
Amsterdam has an extensive public transport system (train, tram and bus). The purchase of an OV-chipkaart (similar to London’s Oyster card) is recommended for regular users of public transport. However, previous exchange students have advocated that the best and cheapest way to get around is by bike.
Nearby cities such as The Hague, Leiden, Rotterdam and Utrecht are easily reachable by train from Amsterdam within a couple of hours.